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Table 1 Overview of percentage of wrong parent information.

From: Effects of pedigree errors on the efficiency of conservation decisions

Population Estimated percentage # animals Reference
German dairy cattle 7% 805 [8]
Israeli Holstein cows 12% 6040 [17]
Israeli Holstein cows (same pop.) 6% 249 [16]
Sheep, USA (mismothering) 10% 79 [9]
Lipizzaner Hors (mismothering) 11% 212 [10]
UK dairy cattle (misfathering) 10% 568 [11]
New Zealand dairy cattle 12–15% several studies [12]
Sheep, New Zealand (misfathering) 1–15% 776 [13]
Dutch dairy cows (misfathering) 9–12% 10731 [15]
Sheep, USA (misfathering) 9% 120 [14]
  1. Literature on percentage of animals with wrong parentage; percentages represent sires, dams or both