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Table 1 Characteristics and statistics of the 12 plasma metabolites analyzed in this study

From: Association between plasma metabolites and gene expression profiles in five porcine endocrine tissues

Metabolite Physiological indications Mean (SD) Psex Pbreed
Glucose (mmol/L) diabetes, stress 4.05 (1.15) 0.50 0.09
3-hydroxybutyrate (mmol/L) energy source of brain, rise when blood glucose is low 0.04 (0.02) 0.61 0.10
NEFA (mmol/L) starvation, insulin resistance and blood pressure 1.08 (0.41) 0.025 0.0005
Cholesterol (mmol/L) progression of atherosclerosis, diet 2.93 (0.37) 0.73 0.15
HDL-C (mmol/L) inverse predictor of cardiovascular disease 1.07 (0.15) 0.08 0.16
LDL-C (mmol/L) high level Associated with cardiovascular disease 1.57 (0.27) 0.67 0.002
Triglyceride (mmol/L) atherosclerosis, heart disease and stroke, diet 0.77 (0.43) 0.83 0.43
Total protein (g/L) reflects albumin concentration, infection, inflammation. 61.66 (4.88) 0.59 0.0003
ALT (U/L) rises dramatically in acute liver damage 51.33 (7.75) 0.83 0.30
ALP (U/L) rises with large bile duct obstruction, liver disease 219.0 (61.0) 0.98 0.0011
Haptoglobin (g/L) infection, inflammatory and pathological lesion, stress 0.72 (0.48) 0.46 0.047
PigMAP(g/L) infection, inflammatory and pathological lesion, stress 0.44 (0.17) 0.24 0.048
  1. Psex and Pbreed: P value corresponding to significance of sex and breed effect by F test, respectively; non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA); alanine aminotransferase (ALT); alkaline phosphatase (ALP); pig major acute phase protein (PigMAP)