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Table 1 Number of sires, average genomic relationship and average observed heterozygosity in nine Swiss dairy cattle populations

From: Population structure and genomic inbreeding in nine Swiss dairy cattle populations

Population Number of sires Mean genomic relationshipa (± SD)
(p < 2.2e−16)*
Mean observed heterozygosity (± SD)
(p < 2.2e−16)*
BS 281 0.155 (± 0.067)A 0.357 (± 0.015)A
BV 3386 0.113 (± 0.053)B 0.364 (± 0.016)B
OB 167 0.082 (± 0.064)C 0.383 (± 0.012)C
HO 2568 0.083 (± 0.057)D 0.377 (± 0.014)D
RH 1960 0.060 (± 0.052)E 0.385 (± 0.015)E
SF 547 0.044 (± 0.051)F 0.399 (± 0.013)F
SI 248 0.124 (± 0.063)G 0.367 (± 0.012)B
ER 36 0.066 (± 0.024)E 0.381 (± 0.007)C,D,E
EV 21 0.091 (± 0.120)C,D 0.360 (± 0.024)A,B
  1. BS Brown Swiss, BV Braunvieh, OB Original Braunvieh, HO Holstein, RH Red Holstein, SF Swiss Fleckvieh, SI Simmental, ER Eringer, EV Evolèner
  2. p value, Kruskal–Wallis test, R: kruskal.test()
  3. aPairwise genomic relationships were calculated for all individuals from all populations together
  4. A,B,C,D,E,F,GDifferent letters indicate significant Bonferroni-adjusted differences between breeds, as assessed with the R-package DUNN.TEST
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