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Table 1 Cost of fighting disease versus the annual value of genetic improvement (\(\mathrm{\Delta G}\)) in (re)production traits

From: Why breed disease-resilient livestock, and how?

Area Year Disease Total cost (M€/year) Cost per head \(\mathrm{\Delta G}\) per head Cost/\(\mathrm{\Delta G}\)
NLD 1997 CSF 2340 153   
TWN 1997 FMD 1415 119   
GBR 2001 FMD 12,864 306   
KOR 2010 FMD 1401 87   
CHN 2019 ASF 22,768 96   
AUS 2006 PAR 389 3.7 0.49 7.7
NLD 2007 BLT 170 37.3 14 2.7
ENG 2010 BTB 127 23.2 4.4 5.2
CAN 2010 PRRS 95 4.5 0.88 5.1
USA 2013 PRRS 860 7.7 1.7 4.6
EUR 2013 PRRS 1660 6.6 1.6 4.1
  1. Areas: NLD Netherlands; TWN Taiwan; GBR Great Britain; KOR South Korea; CHN China; AUS Australia; ENG England; CAN Canada; EUR Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Spain and United Kingdom
  2. Diseases: CSF classical swine fever; FMD foot and mouth disease (ungulates); ASF African swine fever; PAR ectoparasites (sheep); BLT bluetongue (ungulates); BTB bovine tuberculosis; PRRS porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome
  3. More details, including references and footnotes, are in Additional file 1: Table S1