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  1. Meiotic recombination results in the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes. Recombination rate varies between different parts of the genome, between individuals, and is influenced by gene...

    Authors: Martin Johnsson, Andrew Whalen, Roger Ros-Freixedes, Gregor Gorjanc, Ching-Yi Chen, William O. Herring, Dirk-Jan de Koning and John M. Hickey
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:54
  2. Residual feed intake (RFI) is one measure of feed efficiency, which is usually obtained by multiple regression of feed intake (FI) on measures of production, body weight gain and tissue composition. If phenoty...

    Authors: Ingrid David, Van-Hung Huynh Tran and Hélène Gilbert
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:53
  3. Expression of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) is crucial for the development of prion diseases. Amino acid changes in PrPC or a reduced amount of PrPC may modulate disease resistance. The relative abundance of ...

    Authors: Sally A. Madsen-Bouterse, Paula Stewart, Helen Williamson, David A. Schneider and Wilfred Goldmann
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:52
  4. There is an increasing need to account for genotype-by-environment (G × E) interactions in livestock breeding programs to improve productivity and animal welfare across environmental and management conditions....

    Authors: Shi-Yi Chen, Pedro H. F. Freitas, Hinayah R. Oliveira, Sirlene F. Lázaro, Yi Jian Huang, Jeremy T. Howard, Youping Gu, Allan P. Schinckel and Luiz F. Brito
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:51
  5. While the adoption of genomic evaluations in livestock has increased genetic gain rates, its effects on genetic diversity and accumulation of inbreeding have raised concerns in cattle populations. Increased in...

    Authors: Emmanuel A. Lozada-Soto, Christian Maltecca, Duc Lu, Stephen Miller, John B. Cole and Francesco Tiezzi
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:50
  6. Feed efficiency is a major driver of the sustainability of pig production systems. Understanding the biological mechanisms that underlie these agronomic traits is an important issue for environment questions a...

    Authors: Emilie Delpuech, Amir Aliakbari, Yann Labrune, Katia Fève, Yvon Billon, Hélène Gilbert and Juliette Riquet
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:49
  7. During the Neolithic expansion, cattle accompanied humans and spread from their domestication centres to colonize the ancient world. In addition, European cattle occasionally intermingled with both indicine ca...

    Authors: Gabriele Senczuk, Salvatore Mastrangelo, Paolo Ajmone-Marsan, Zsolt Becskei, Paolo Colangelo, Licia Colli, Luca Ferretti, Taki Karsli, Hovirag Lancioni, Emiliano Lasagna, Donata Marletta, Christian Persichilli, Baldassare Portolano, Francesca M. Sarti, Elena Ciani and Fabio Pilla
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:48
  8. The genetic structure of a diverse set of 15 Indian indigenous breeds and non-descript indigenous cattle sampled from eight states was examined, based on 777 k single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotypes ob...

    Authors: Eva M. Strucken, Netsanet Z. Gebrehiwot, Marimuthu Swaminathan, Sachin Joshi, Mohammad Al Kalaldeh and John P. Gibson
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:47
  9. In dairy cattle populations in which crossbreeding has been used, animals show some level of diversity in their origins. In rotational crossbreeding, for instance, crossbred dams are mated with purebred sires ...

    Authors: Emre Karaman, Guosheng Su, Iola Croue and Mogens S. Lund
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:46
  10. Dense single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) panels are widely used for genome-wide association studies (GWAS). In these panels, SNPs within a genomic segment tend to be highly correlated. Thus, association stud...

    Authors: Jinghui Li, Zigui Wang, Rohan Fernando and Hao Cheng
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:45
  11. In all organisms, life-history traits are constrained by trade-offs, which may represent physiological limitations or be related to energy resource management. To detect trade-offs within a population, one pro...

    Authors: Tatiana Zerjal, Sonja Härtle, David Gourichon, Vanaïque Guillory, Nicolas Bruneau, Denis Laloë, Marie-Hélène Pinard-van der Laan, Sascha Trapp, Bertrand Bed’hom and Pascale Quéré
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:44
  12. Mature microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in repressing the expression of a wide range of mRNAs. The presence of polymorphic sites in miRNA genes and their corresponding 3′UTR binding sites can disrupt ...

    Authors: Emilio Mármol-Sánchez, María Gracia Luigi-Sierra, Anna Castelló, Dailu Guan, Raquel Quintanilla, Raul Tonda and Marcel Amills
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:43
  13. Genomic relationship matrices are used to obtain genomic inbreeding coefficients. However, there are several methodologies to compute these matrices and there is still an unresolved debate on which one provide...

    Authors: Beatriz Villanueva, Almudena Fernández, María Saura, Armando Caballero, Jesús Fernández, Elisabeth Morales-González, Miguel A. Toro and Ricardo Pong-Wong
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:42
  14. Homozygous recessive deleterious mutations can cause embryo/fetal or neonatal lethality, or genetic defects that affect female fertility and animal welfare. In livestock populations under selection, the freque...

    Authors: Maxime Ben Braiek, Stéphane Fabre, Chris Hozé, Jean-Michel Astruc and Carole Moreno-Romieux
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:41
  15. Nellore cattle (Bos indicus) are well-known for their adaptation to warm and humid environments. Hair length and coat color may impact heat tolerance. The Nellore breed has been strongly selected for white coat, ...

    Authors: Beatriz B. Trigo, Adam T. H. Utsunomiya, Alvaro A. A. D. Fortunato, Marco Milanesi, Rafaela B. P. Torrecilha, Harrison Lamb, Loan Nguyen, Elizabeth M. Ross, Ben Hayes, Rômulo C. M. Padula, Thayla S. Sussai, Ludmilla B. Zavarez, Rafael S. Cipriano, Maria M. T. Caminhas, Flavia L. Lopes, Cassiano Pelle…
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:40
  16. Short tandem repeats (STRs) are genetic markers with a greater mutation rate than single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and are widely used in genetic studies and forensics. However, most studies in pigs have...

    Authors: Zhongzi Wu, Huanfa Gong, Mingpeng Zhang, Xinkai Tong, Huashui Ai, Shijun Xiao, Miguel Perez-Enciso, Bin Yang and Lusheng Huang
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:39
  17. As cage-free production systems become increasingly popular, behavioral traits such as nesting behavior and temperament have become more important. The objective of this study was to estimate heritabilities fo...

    Authors: Anna Wolc, Petek Settar, Janet E. Fulton, Jesus Arango, Kaylee Rowland, Danny Lubritz and Jack C. M. Dekkers
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:38
  18. Streptococcosis is a major bacterial disease in Nile tilapia that is caused by Streptococcus agalactiae infection, and development of resistant strains of Nile tilapia represents a sustainable approach towards co...

    Authors: Rajesh Joshi, Anders Skaarud, Alejandro Tola Alvarez, Thomas Moen and Jørgen Ødegård
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:37
  19. Migration of a population from its founder population is expected to cause a reduction of its genetic diversity and facilitates differentiation between the population and its founder population, as predicted b...

    Authors: Dorcus Kholofelo Malomane, Steffen Weigend, Armin Otto Schmitt, Annett Weigend, Christian Reimer and Henner Simianer
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:36
  20. The most prolific duck genetic resource in the world is located in Southeast/South Asia but little is known about the domestication and complex histories of these duck populations.

    Authors: Fan Jiang, Ruiyi Lin, Changyi Xiao, Tanghui Xie, Yaoxin Jiang, Jianhai Chen, Pan Ni, Wing-Kin Sung, Jianlin Han, Xiaoyong Du and Shijun Li
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:35
  21. The preconditioned conjugate gradient (PCG) method is the current method of choice for iterative solving of genetic evaluations. The relative difference between two successive iterates and the relative residua...

    Authors: Jeremie Vandenplas, Mario P. L. Calus, Herwin Eding, Mathijs van Pelt, Rob Bergsma and Cornelis Vuik
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:34
  22. In breeding programs, recording large-scale feed intake (FI) data routinely at the individual level is costly and difficult compared with other production traits. An alternative approach could be to record FI ...

    Authors: Hongding Gao, Guosheng Su, Just Jensen, Per Madsen, Ole F. Christensen, Birgitte Ask, Bjarke G. Poulsen, Tage Ostersen and Bjarne Nielsen
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:33
  23. Susceptibility of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) to viral nervous necrosis (VNN) is well-known. Interest towards selective breeding as a tool to enhance genetic resistance in this species has increas...

    Authors: Sara Faggion, Daniela Bertotto, Massimiliano Babbucci, Giulia Dalla Rovere, Rafaella Franch, Mauro Bovolenta, Stanislas Laureau, Francesco Pascoli, Anna Toffan, Luca Bargelloni and Paolo Carnier
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:32
  24. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Harly J. Durbin, Duc Lu, Helen Yampara-Iquise, Stephen P. Miller and Jared E. Decker
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:31

    The original article was published in Genetics Selection Evolution 2020 52:63

  25. The impact of individual genetic and genomic variations on immune responses is an emerging lever investigated in vaccination strategies. In our study, we used genetic and pre-vaccination blood transcriptomic d...

    Authors: Fany Blanc, Tatiana Maroilley, Manuel Revilla, Gaëtan Lemonnier, Jean-Jacques Leplat, Yvon Billon, Laure Ravon, Olivier Bouchez, Jean-Pierre Bidanel, Bertrand Bed’Hom, Marie-Hélène Pinard-van der Laan, Jordi Estellé and Claire Rogel-Gaillard
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:24
  26. Over the past decade, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has been used to predict novel milk protein phenotypes. Genomic data might help predict these phenotypes when integrated with milk FTIR spec...

    Authors: Toshimi Baba, Sara Pegolo, Lucio F. M. Mota, Francisco Peñagaricano, Giovanni Bittante, Alessio Cecchinato and Gota Morota
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:29
  27. Postnatal piglet survival is important both in economic and animal welfare terms. It is influenced by the piglet’s own direct genetic effects and by maternal genetic effects of the dam, associated with milk pr...

    Authors: Tuan Q. Nguyen, Pieter W. Knap, Geoff Simm, Sandra A. Edwards and Rainer Roehe
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:28
  28. A cost-effective strategy to explore the complete DNA sequence in animals for genetic evaluation purposes is to sequence key ancestors of a population, followed by imputation mechanisms to infer marker genotyp...

    Authors: Gerardo A. Fernandes Júnior, Roberto Carvalheiro, Henrique N. de Oliveira, Mehdi Sargolzaei, Roy Costilla, Ricardo V. Ventura, Larissa F. S. Fonseca, Haroldo H. R. Neves, Ben J. Hayes and Lucia G. de Albuquerque
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:27
  29. Uniformity of body weight is a trait of great economic importance in the production of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). A necessary condition to improve this trait through selective breeding is the existence ...

    Authors: Silvia García-Ballesteros, Beatriz Villanueva, Jesús Fernández, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez and Isabel Cervantes
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:26
  30. Introgression of a quantitative trait locus (QTL) by successive backcrosses is used to improve elite lines (recurrent parent) by introducing alleles from exotic material (donor parent). In the absence of selec...

    Authors: Elise Tourrette, Matthieu Falque and Olivier C. Martin
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:25
  31. Local cattle breeds need special attention, as they are valuable reservoirs of genetic diversity. Appropriate breeding decisions and adequate genomic management of numerically smaller populations are required ...

    Authors: Christin Schmidtmann, Anna Schönherz, Bernt Guldbrandtsen, Jovana Marjanovic, Mario Calus, Dirk Hinrichs and Georg Thaller
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:23
  32. Improvements in genomic technologies have outpaced the most optimistic predictions, allowing industry-scale application of genomic selection. However, only marginal gains in genetic prediction accuracy can now...

    Authors: Miguel Pérez-Enciso and Juan P. Steibel
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:22
  33. Understanding the relationship between genetic admixture and phenotypic performance is crucial for the optimization of crossbreeding programs. The use of small sets of informative ancestry markers can be a cos...

    Authors: Netsanet Z. Gebrehiwot, Eva M. Strucken, Karen Marshall, Hassan Aliloo and John P. Gibson
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:21
  34. Water buffalo is one of the most important livestock species in the world. Two types of water buffalo exist: river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis bubalis) and swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis carabanensis). The buffalo g...

    Authors: Nicolo P. P. Macciotta, Licia Colli, Alberto Cesarani, Paolo Ajmone-Marsan, Wai Y. Low, Rick Tearle and John L. Williams
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:20
  35. Whole-genome sequence (WGS) data are increasingly available on large numbers of individuals in animal and plant breeding and in human genetics through second-generation resequencing technologies, 1000 genomes ...

    Authors: Theo Meuwissen, Irene van den Berg and Mike Goddard
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:19
  36. In recent years, the breeding of honeybees has gained significant scientific interest, and numerous theoretical and practical improvements have been made regarding the collection and processing of their perfor...

    Authors: Manuel Du, Richard Bernstein, Andreas Hoppe and Kaspar Bienefeld
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:18

  37. Knowledge about potential functional relationships among traits of interest offers a unique opportunity to understand causal mechanisms and to optimize breeding goals, management practices, and prediction accu...

    Authors: Emhimad A. Abdalla, Benjamin J. Wood and Christine F. Baes
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:16
  38. Average daily gain (ADG) in pigs is affected by both direct and social genetic effects (SGE). However, selection for SGE in purebreds has not conclusively been shown to improve ADG in crossbreds, and it is unk...

    Authors: Birgitte Ask, Lizette Vestergaard Pedersen, Ole Fredslund Christensen, Hanne Marie Nielsen, Simon P. Turner and Bjarne Nielsen
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:15
  39. In commercial fish, dominance effects could be exploited by predicting production abilities of the offspring that would be generated by different mating pairs and choosing those pairs that maximise the average...

    Authors: Jesús Fernández, Beatriz Villanueva and Miguel Angel Toro
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:14
  40. Feed accounts for about 70% of the total cost of poultry meat production. Residual feed intake (RFI) has become the preferred measure of feed efficiency because it is phenotypically independent of growth rate ...

    Authors: Wei Li, Maiqing Zheng, Guiping Zhao, Jie Wang, Jie Liu, Shunli Wang, Furong Feng, Dawei Liu, Dan Zhu, Qinghe Li, Liping Guo, Yuming Guo, Ranran Liu and Jie Wen
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:13
  41. Product quality and production efficiency of Atlantic salmon are, to a large extent, influenced by the deposition and depletion of lipid reserves. Fillet lipid content is a heritable trait and is unfavourably ...

    Authors: Gareth F. Difford, Siri S. Horn, Katinka R. Dankel, Bente Ruyter, Binyam S. Dagnachew, Borghild Hillestad, Anna K. Sonesson and Nils K. Afseth
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:12
  42. The physiological adaptations that have evolved for egg laying make hens susceptible to bone fractures and keel bone damage. In modern laying hen breeds, longer periods of egg laying could result in a greater ...

    Authors: Ian C. Dunn, Dirk-Jan De Koning, Heather A. McCormack, Robert H. Fleming, Peter W. Wilson, Björn Andersson, Matthias Schmutz, Cristina Benavides, Nazaret Dominguez-Gasca, Estefania Sanchez-Rodriguez and Alejandro B. Rodriguez-Navarro
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:11
  43. Variants that regulate transcription, such as expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL), have shown enrichment in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for mammalian complex traits. However, no study has repo...

    Authors: Zehu Yuan, Bolormaa Sunduimijid, Ruidong Xiang, Ralph Behrendt, Matthew I. Knight, Brett A. Mason, Coralie M. Reich, Claire Prowse-Wilkins, Christy J. Vander Jagt, Amanda J. Chamberlain, Iona M. MacLeod, Fadi Li, Xiangpeng Yue and Hans D. Daetwyler
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:8
  44. Scales are linear combinations of variables with coefficients that add up to zero and have a similar meaning to “contrast” in the analysis of variance. Scales are necessary in order to incorporate genomic info...

    Authors: Luis Gomez-Raya, Wendy M. Rauw and Jack C. M. Dekkers
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:7
  45. Importation of foreign genetics is a widely used genetic improvement strategy. However, even if the foreign genetic merit is currently greater than the domestic genetic merit, differences in foreign and domest...

    Authors: Nicola Fetherstone, Fiona S. Hely, Noirín McHugh, Fiona M. McGovern and Peter R. Amer
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:5
  46. Resilient animals can remain productive under different environmental conditions. Rearing in increasingly heterogeneous environmental conditions increases the need of selecting resilient animals. Detection of ...

    Authors: Carolina Andrea Garcia-Baccino, Christel Marie-Etancelin, Flavie Tortereau, Didier Marcon, Jean-Louis Weisbecker and Andrés Legarra
    Citation: Genetics Selection Evolution 2021 53:4

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