Volume 35 Supplement 1

Second International Symposium on Candidate Genes for Animal Health. 16-18 August 2002, Montpelier - France

Open Access

Biological effect of varying peptide binding affinity to the BoLA-DRB3*2703 allele

Genetics Selection Evolution200335(Suppl 1):S51

https://doi.org/10.1186/1297-9686-35-S1-S51

Accepted: 26 February 2003

Published: 15 June 2003

Abstract

MHC class I and II molecules are immunoregulatory cell surface glycoproteins, which selectively bind to and present antigenic peptides to T-lymphocytes. Murine and human studies show that variable peptide binding affinity to MHC II molecules influences Th1/Th2 responses by inducing distinctive cytokine expression. To examine the biological effects of peptide binding affinity to bovine MHC (BoLA), various self peptides (BoLA-DQ and fibrinogen fragments) and non-self peptides from ovalbumin (OVA), as well as VP2 and VP4 peptides from foot and mouth disease virus (FMD-V) were used to (1) determine binding affinities to the BoLA-DRB3*2703 allele, previously associated with mastitis susceptibility and (2) determine whether peptide binding affinity influences T-lymphocyte function. Peptide binding affinity was determined by a competitive assay using high affinity biotinylated self-peptide incubated with purified BoLA-DRB3*2703 in the presence of various concentrations of competing peptides. The concentrations of non-self peptide required to inhibit self-peptide binding by 50% (IC50) were variable, ranging from 26.92 to > 320 μM. Peptide-specific T-lymphocyte function was determined by measuring DNA synthesis, cell division, and IFN-γ production in cultures of mononuclear cells from a BoLA-DRB3*2703 homozygous cow. When compared to non-stimulated control cultures, differences in lymphocyte function were observed for all of the assessed parameters; however, peptide-binding affinity did not always account for the observed differences in lymphocyte function.

Keywords

bovine MHC class II peptide binding affinity lymphocyte function

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Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Ontario Veterinary College, Department of Pathobiology, University of Guelph
(2)
Animal and Poultry Science, Center for Genetic Improvement of Livestock, University of Guelph

Copyright

© INRA, EDP Sciences 2003

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